Archive for April, 2013

Custom Office’s Reponses to Foreign Travellors’ Questions Concerning Importing Automobiles to China Part 1

Posted on April 25, 2013  by Xixi  in China Customs   No Comments »
Custom Office’s Reponses to Foreign Travellors’ Questions Concerning Importing Automobiles to China Part 1

How can Staff of Foreign-funded Enterprises apply for importing vehicles for personal use ?

In accordance with Measures of the Customs of the People’s Republic of China for the Supervision of the Entry and Exit of Articles for Personal Use of Long-term Non-resident Travelers (Order No. 194 of the General Administration of Customs), permanent personnel who want to import motor vehicles shall, either in person or authorize the declaration enterprises to, apply to competent customs authority in written form and hand in the original and copy of the following documents;
(1)  Original and photocopy of the personal identification (passport);
(2) Long-term residence certificates ( issued by the Public Security Exit-Entry Administration , with a span of more than one year [included]);
(3) ” The application form for entry and exit of articles for personal use” with personal signature.
(4) The bill of lading, packing list and other relevant documents;
(5) foreign-invested enterprises’ import and export goods’ consignee or consignor’s declaration registration certificate”
(6) Foreigner Employment Permit
(7) Labor contracts signed with the enterprise.
(8) Vehicle purchase invoices;
(9) Other documents required by the customs.

The above observations are for reference only, in case of difference, the results from the competent customs shall prevail.

How can Legal person or shareholders of foreign-invested enterprises apply for importing cars for private use?
(1)  Original and photocopy of the personal identification (passport);
(2) Long-term residence certificates (issued by the Public Security Exit-Entry Administration, with a span of more than one year [included]);
(3) ” The Application Form for Entry and Exit of Customs of the People’s Republic of China of Articles for Personal Use” with personal signature.
(4) Original and copy of the bill of lading, packing list and other relevant documents;
(5) foreign-invested enterprises’ Import and Export Goods’ Consignee or Consignor’s Declaration Registration Certificate” ;( original and copy, and if it is the shareholder who files the application, his or her name shall be on the certificate).
(6) Original and copy of “Legal Representative Registration Certificate “(submitted by the legal person).
(7) Original and copy of the vehicle purchasing invoice.
(8) Other documents required by the customs.

The above observations are for reference only, in case of difference, the results from the competent customs shall prevail.

Permanent personnel import car for their own use needs the transfer of the following relevant procedures and formalities;
A: According to the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China Notice No. 30 of 2006, Permanent staff’s vehicle can be granted for transfer to others only after a year since the time of vehicle registration procedures was completed by the public security traffic management department. For transferring the motor vehicle, permanent personnel shall submit a written application to the competent customs and the original and photocopy of the following documents:
(1) Identification;
(2) Long – term residence certificates;
(3) Motor Vehicle Driving License of the imported Motor Vehicles.
(4) Customs Of The People ‘S Republic of China’s Permanent Institutions Record Card of the resident office or foreign-invested enterprises’ Import and Export Goods’ Consignee or Consignor’s Declaration Registration Certificate”

After the competent customs’ approval, People’s Republic of China Customs Control Vehicles Deregulation Certificate should be issued and Permanent staff can, by virtue of this certificate, go through procedures for the relevant vehicle for transfer with the Public Security Traffic Management Department.

Question on Embassy Staff Bringing Cars for Personal Use
A: According to the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China Notice No. 41 in 2005, the returnees shall, within six months of their entry, submit written application to the local direct custom or subordinate customs authorized by the direct customs (Hereinafter referred to as the competent customs) and submit the original and copy of the following documents:
(1) Passport and identity card;
(2) Embassies and Consulates Staff Identification issued by our embassies and consulates abroad (See Attachment 3 uniformly printed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs).
(3) Returning Certificate Staff of Embassies and Consulates Abroad issued by the competent dispatching authorities in China( See the format in Annex 4 , printed by each enterprises and units on their own ) ;
(4) Bill of lading (shipping) orders, vehicle purchase invoices, packing lists and other relevant documents;
(5) ” The Application Form for Entry and Exit of Customs of the People’s Republic of China of Articles for Personal Use” (See Annex 5 , hereinafter referred to “Application Form” )

After the approval of the competent customs authority, customs establishment at the place where the goods enter the territory would issue verification and discharge of goods at the customs based on the customs documents and other relevant documents, and after vehicle release results are endorsed on the “Application Form” return receipt, the receipt shall be return to the competent customs. And the embassy shall, within 20 working days of the date of customs clearance vehicles, apply to the competent customs for the Customs of the People’s Republic of China Vehicle Entry / Exit Licensing Notice (See Annex 6, hereinafter referred to as the “licensing notice ” ). And the motor vehicle registration procedures should be completed at the public security organs of the traffic management department in accordance with the law. The Public security organs of the traffic management department shall issue a small car license plate. For staff who met the following requirements, they can import a car exempted from the import duty. But the Import VAT and consumption tax shall not be levied.

 

China Custom Q&A: Vehicles Imported for Permanent Personnel’s Personal Use

Posted on April 13, 2013  by Xixi  in China Customs   No Comments »
China Custom Q&A: Vehicles Imported for Permanent Personnel's Personal Use

1. Permanent Representative (permanent institutions) to apply for imported cars must provide the following documents:
1) Record card of the permanent institutions in the People’s Republic of China
2) The application form of entry and exit of articles for personal use in quadruplicate (Organization Seals and Signature of the applicant);
3) Identification Documents: 1 resident staff passport, affixed with the residence permit for more than one year (included) issued by Exit and Entry Administration; Hong Kong and Macao residents must provide the Hong Kong and Macao residents Mainland Travel Permit and more than one year proof of residence issued by the local police station. Taiwan compatriots must provide their Mainland Travel Permit and more than one year (included) Residence endorsement issued by the Exit and Entry Administration 2 foreign countries (regions) Representative Offices work permit. 3 Employment Permit for foreigners and Employment Permit for Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao compatriot 4 a copy of the identity document.
4) Original and a copy of the vehicle bill of lading and packing list (consignee for vehicles should be the applicants for vehicle’s entering the country).

2. For Foreign resident staff enterprises in the three forms of joint venture, cooperative business and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China to apply for imported cars, the following documents should be provided.
1) Declaration Registration Certificate of Consignee or Consignor of Import and Export (original and a copy).
2) back up copy of the business license (original and a copy).
3) “the application form for entry and exit of articles for personal use” in quadruplicate (with the company seal and the Signature of the applicant)
4) Identification Documents: a. resident staff passport, affixed with the residence permit for more than one year (included) issued by Exit and Entry Administration; Hong Kong and Macao residents must provide the Hong Kong and Macao residents Mainland Travel Permit and more than one year proof of residence issued by the local police station. Taiwan compatriots must provide their Mainland Travel Permit and more than one year (included) Residence endorsement issued by the Exit and Entry Administration. b. Employment Permit for foreigners and Employment Permit for Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao compatriot c. A copy of the identity document
5) Original and a copy of the vehicle bill of lading and packing list (consignee for vehicles should be the applicants for vehicle’s entering the country).

3. For overseas science and technology experts to work in China to apply for imported cars, the following documents must be provided:
1) “the application form for entry and exit of articles for personal use” in quadruplicate (with the company seal and the Signature of the applicant)
2) Identification Documents: a. resident staff passport, affixed with the residence permit for more than one year (included) issued by Exit and Entry Administration; b. foreign expert certificate and a copy of the original;
3) Original and a copy of the vehicle bill of lading and packing list (consignee for vehicles should be the applicants for vehicle’s entering the country).

4. Matters Needing Attention
1) Permanent staff can import vehicles such as cars, SUVs and small passenger cars (9 seats and below), the right wheel cars are not allowed to be imported;
2) Drive the vehicle to the customs , and hold customs entry customs seal, the fourth copy of the original ” entry and exit of articles for personal use application form”, the original and copy of the tax bill, the vehicle test compliance report to apply for customs seal of the license registration notice.
3) Permanent staff’s vehicle can be granted for transfer to others only after a year since the time of vehicle registration procedures was completed by the public security traffic management department. Replies above are for reference only; results from actual business scene shall prevail.
4) Permanent staff could import motor vehicle into China, limited to one vehicle per person, other long – term non-resident travelers shall not import vehicles into China.
5) since July 1, 2010, apart from the resident offices and permanent personnel high-level personnel and foreign experts who, in accordance with the relevant intergovernmental agreements, can import motor vehicles, other permanent institutions and Permanent personnel shall not import the used motor vehicles, application for their used motor vehicles entering the country shall not be accepted by the Custom.  

China Customs Q&A: Currently who can import automobile from abroad for personal use?

Posted on April 08, 2013  by Xixi  in China Customs, Importing from China   No Comments »
China Customs Q&A: Currently who can import automobile from abroad for personal use?

At present, only four types of person can import automobile from abroad for personal use.

  1. Travelers who have obtained proof of residence or the approval documents issued by the competent authorities of the Government of the People’s Republic of China , ( including Chinese non-resident visitors ) ;
  2. The resident staff among the non-resident travelers refers to the staff working at overseas enterprises, news organizations, trade organizations, cultural groups and other permanent institutions established within the territory of China and recorded in the Customs, Or personnel within of foreign-invested enterprises registered in Customs Office, or foreign experts who work long-term in China.
  3. High-level returned overseas students and overseas science and technology experts to work in China.
  4. Functionaries of Chinese Overseas Embassies and Consulates after Resigning Their Office for Home

For the first three categories of personnel, their import tax should subject to [1993] No. 87 Notice, issued by the State Council on adjusting the imported car tariff and tax relief policies. According to the notice, apart from the automobiles donated by the international organizations and foreign governments, and imported by the agencies and personnel who enjoy tax relief treatment that were stipulated by International treaties that China has concluded or participated and agreements made between our government with other governments, Any automobiles imported by other agencies and personnel shall be levied import duties, import VAT and other taxes in accordance with the customs stipulations. Whereas for cars taken into China by Functionaries of Chinese Overseas Embassies and Consulates after Resigning Their Office for Home, they are exempted from import duties but the import VAT and consumption tax shall be levied.

Legal basis:
Measures of the Customs of the People’s Republic of China for the Supervision of the Entry and Exit of Articles for Personal Use of Long-term Non-resident Travelers (Order No. 116 of the General Administration of Customs)

Procedures of the Customs of the People’s Republic of China for Controlling Inbound and Outbound Luggage and Articles Carried by Passengers (Order No.9 of the General Administration of Customs)

Order of No.154 of the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China, on promulgating the Measures for Administration of the Entry and Exit Commodities of High Level Returned Students and Foreign Scientific Experts working in China

Provisions on the Import Tax on the Self-use Vehicles Carried by the Functionaries of Chinese Overseas Embassies and Consulates after Resigning Their Office for Home ( Notice No. 41 in 2005 , the General Administration of Customs of the People ‘s Republic of China)

China’s Sugar Imports and Exports in 2012

Posted on April 07, 2013  by Xixi  in General News, Importing from China   No Comments »
China’s Sugar Imports and Exports in 2012

2012 Sugar Imports Increased by 28.4%

In 2012, China imported a total of 3,747,000 tons of sugar, a year-on-year growth of 28.4%; imports turnover amounted to $ 2.24 billion, a year-on-year growth of 15.5%. Sugar imports accounted for 192.7 percent of the total import tariff quotas, up by 42.6 percent.  Among them, in December, China’s imports of sugar reached 268,000 tons, down by 45.7% yet the qoq increased by 110.1%. The import turnover amounted to $ 150 million, a growth of 102.9% in qoq.
 
China’s sugar imports mainly take the form of general trade, reaching a total import of 3.609 million tons, accounting for 96.3% of total imports volume; processing trade imports (processing imported materials and processing with supplied material ) amounted to 13.5 million tons , accounting for 3.6%.

In 2012 , Brazil is China ‘s top sugar imports market with a 1.989 million tons  of import volume , accounting for 53.1% of China ‘s total sugar imports ; followed by Thailand with 937,000 tons , accounting for 25.0% ; Cuba , with 42.6 million tons , accounting for 11.4 %; South Korea, with 215,000 tons ; Guatemala , with 69,000 tons ; and Philippines , 57,000 tons .
 
Sugar exports in 2012 fell by 20.6%

In 2012, China’s total exports volume of sugar reached 47,000 tons, a year – on – year decline of 20.6%. Among them, exports in December reached 3705 tons, with an average export price of 696.3 U.S. dollars / ton. The main export destination markets are Hong Kong, China ( 2229 tons ) , Malaysia ( 357 tons ) , the United States ( 345 tons ) and Canada ( 162 tons ) .

Introduction and Comparison of Major Chinese Express Companies

Posted on April 01, 2013  by Xixi  in Courier, Headline   1 Comment »
Introduction and Comparison of Major Chinese Express Companies

There are mainly three types of express companies in China, one of which is the private express company which serves as the main body of the domestic express transportation, including SFEXPRESS, SHENTONG EXPRESS and YTOEXPRESS. The second type is state-owned express service EMS, operated by China Post. International express companies constitute the third categories, among which there are DHL, FEDEX, UPS, etc.

As International courier service companies rarely carry out domestic courier services in China (mainly due to fewer outlets and uncompetitive pricing policy), this paper will mainly focus on introducing the private and state-owned Chinese express companies.

1. SF EXPRESS
SFExpress network is completely self-built and self-run. Its posts include Domestic local delivery, delivery within and between the provinces, delivery to Hong Kong, same-day delivery, delivery by next morning. And it also provides postage collect service, postage prepaid service and the third party payment service. As many outlets are not set out in uniformity, some of the outlet cannot provide the postage collect service. Even when the service can be conducted, the charge is often higher than the usual.

Freight Rates: the price for the first kilogram is 20 Yuan / kg, and each added kilogram will be a 10 Yuan / kg (for shipping volume a discount price can be applied.)

Payout: The maximum payout is 6 times the freight price, with no regard to difference between the goods insured and not insured. And the payouts for the lost or damaged goods are all the same.

Advantages: high-quality service, fast, secure, individual packaging, high-quality staff, and reassuring service

Disadvantages: relatively higher rate, incomplete setup of the distribution network, and major business activities are carried out in the South of China.

SFExpress and the postal EMS are of a similar price rate.  Although last year SFExpress suffered a loss of hundreds of millions, it can still afford chartered planes, hence its speedy and safe delivery. And its post-delivery operations are quite formal; as a result, its services and charges are directly proportional.

Generally, trading companies prefer to send the file with the SF Express, because of its relatively fast speed and better safety measures. SFExpress is also choosen for posts with more urgency. But for heavier goods with less urgency, generally other express companies such as STO or YTO will be chosen in order to reduce the cost.
Website: www.sf-express.com

2. SHENTONG EXPRESS (STO)
STO has established more than 800 branches in provincial capital cities (except Taiwan) and large and medium-sized cities, has been absorbed more than 1100 franchised outlets with over 20,000 employees. STO mainly carries on express business of non-letter, samples and articles of different sizes within the city and between provinces.

Freight Rates: Price for the first kilogram is 15 Yuan, and each added kilogram will be a 3 Yuan / kg. (Prices differ in different regions. Discount is available for large quantity.)

Payout: There is payout for lost articles: if insured, the payout is less than or equal to 1000 yuan. Also there is payout for damaged articles: if not insured, less than or equal to 300 yuan.

Advantages: STO has more outlets and moderate cost.

Disadvantages: Poor service and slow speed

STO is the second largest private-own express company.

Website: www.sto.cn

3. YTO EXPRESS

YTO’s service covers customs clearance, commodity inspection, shipping, air transport services of import and export goods; professional logistics transit, international and domestic intermodal; distribution, warehousing and special transportation services. YTO also provides domestic and international time-limited services.

Freight Rates: Price for the first kilogram is 8 Yuan, and each added kilogram will be a 6 Yuan / kg. (Prices differ in different regions. Discount is available for large quantity.)

Payout: There is payout for lost articles: if not insured, the payout is less than or equal to 1500 yuan; if insured, the rate is 1%, and the payout is less than or equal to 10,000 yuan. The payout for damaged articles is 3 or 5 times of freight charges if not insured; if insured, the rate is 1%, and the payout is less than or equal to 10,000 yuan.

Advantages: Low price, delivery time is usually 3-4 days

Disadvantages: YTO doesn’t have a wide range of outlets. And articles may be lost occasionally.

YTO is more popular with northern part of China. Its price is relatively low, thus more commonly chosen. Number of outlets is acceptable.

Website: www.yto.net.cn

4. YUNDA EXPRESS

With more than 1000 qualified service sites, YUNDA is one of the most mainstream domestic brands.

Freight Rates: Price for the first kilogram is 10 Yuan, and each added kilogram will be a 6 Yuan / kg. (Prices differ in different regions. Discount is available for large quantity.)

Payout: There is payout for lost articles: if not insured, the payout is less than or equal to 1000 yuan; if insured, the rate is 1%, and the payout is less than or equal to 2,000 yuan. The payout for damaged articles is 3 times of freight charges if not insured; if insured, the rate is 1%, and the payout is less than or equal to 2,000 yuan.

Advantages: Reasonable price, delivery time is usually 3-4 days

Disadvantages: Relatively speaking, YUNDA doesn’t have so much outlets, and its service is not very good.

This express company has fair price but slow delivery speed. Motor carriers are often used, which could not be controlled by the seller. Actually I know about this detail afterwards.

YUNDA’s business is mainly in Jiangsu and Zhenjiang Provinces, and it has lots of outlets.

Website:www.yundaex.com

5. ZTO EXPRESS

ZTO’s service includes domestic express and international express, logistics, distribution, warehousing services, “door-to-door “service and time-limited (same day, next morning, next day, etc.) service. At the same time, it also has value-added service of e-commerce and distribution, collection of trade charges, return of signed bill and article pick up. ZTO has nearly 1,800 service networks, 36 distribution center and more than 5,000 vehicles for transportation and delivery.

The price is reasonable with no conspicuous discount, and is higher in remote areas. Delivery speed is ordinary.

Website:www.zto.cn

6. TTK EXPRESS

Now TTK express has over 20 collecting and distributing centers with a network covering more than 1,200 cities in the country. With more than 3,000 outlets, an express network layout emphasizing the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, and Bohai Bay area is established. It provides service to customers 360 days all the year round.

TTK doesn’t have a lot of outlets and discount. In that case, it will not be chosen without the buyer’s appointment.

Website:www.ttkdex.com

7. EMS

EMS is express service provided by China Post. Worldwide express mail service has wholly-owned subsidiaries in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government); it also has subsidiaries such as China Postal Airlines and CNPL. By the end of 2010, its registered capital is 8 billion yuan with an asset size of more than 21 billion yuan and nearly 10 million employees. The scope of business covers 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) and all cities, counties and towns. Its services reaches more than 200 countries and regions all over the world, including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. No company could be compared with EMS in terms of service outlets.

EMS charge the same as SF EXPRESS, but its delivery speed is much slower and service is worse compared with private-owned companies. So normally speaking, private-owned companies will be chosen unless the article needs to be delivered to remote areas where other companies have no service branches.

Website:www.ems.com.cn